Tribes: Alaska

Alaska Region

Yupik: Changes & Observations

Residents of Quinhagak have observed much lower levels of snowpack in the past five years. Snowdrifts used to be as high as houses, but now winter snows may barely cover the tussocks and the tundra. With little or no snow, potholes can form which may impact travel and hunting as well as land mammal behaviors.

Snowfall affects winter bear, ungulate, and human behaviors. Brown bears are beginning to build their dens on the tundra flats instead of on the south facing mountains, and are coming out of winter hibernation earlier, in December and January when unusual winter rains are occurring. This is having an effect on predation in the area that has not yet been fully realized. Although the reduced amount of snow negatively affects some animal species, it may actually help ungulates. Less snow makes more food (lichen and willow shoots) available to caribou and moose. This may benefit humans who depend on these animals as a food source.

The reduced amount of snow is also impacting berry production as residents are noticing a decline in the amount of harvestable berries, and this affects those dependent on berries as a food source, including land animals and humans. Salmonberries, an important food for some Alaska Natives, seem to be declining due to inadequate amounts of moisture provided by the diminished snow fall.

The high price of fuel in rural Alaska is requiring residents to modify their behaviors and decrease their fossil fuel use. This is better not only for their personal finances, but also for the environment.

Coping strategies include

In recent years one species that has been thriving in the Kuskokwim delta area has been the sockeye salmon. This has had a positive impact on commercial fishing, providing economic benefits to the people of the lower Kuskokwim and helping them to offset the cost of gas and higher prices of store-bought foods.

Water Level:
Lower water levels may also affect

For more information please contact:
Nikki Cooley, Co-Director
Karen Cozzetto, Co-Manager