ITEP - Waste Management - Hazardous Substances - Emergency Planning, Management, and Response

Research Individual Chemicals

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Phone: (928) 523-0526
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Research Individual Chemicals

Back to Hazardous Substances Map Each of the pages within ITEP's Hazardous Substance Website will provide possible "Contaminants of Concern" for you to consider when identifying what hazardous substances may exist in your community. However, this is not a comprehensive list and should be used as a tool to expand awareness of possibilities. Some of the most common chemicals people may be exposed to are explored in more detail in "Related Pages."

More than 800 hazardous substances are listed under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) - also known as the Superfund law. These are substances that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment . Many are commonly used substances which are harmless in their normal uses, but are quite dangerous when released.

Superfund's definition of a hazardous substance includes the following:

Hazardous waste is defined under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) as a solid waste (or combination of solid wastes) which, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics, may: (1) cause or contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating illness; or (2) pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed. In addition, under RCRA, EPA establishes four characteristics that will determine whether a substance is considered hazardous, including ignitability, corrosiveness, reactivity, and toxicity. Any solid waste that exhibits one or more of these characteristics is classified as a hazardous waste under RCRA and, in turn, as a hazardous substance under Superfund.

Although the terms "hazardous substance" and "pollutant or contaminant" do not include petroleum or natural gas, ITEP has developed pages discussing petroleum products. EPA conducts emergency responses to incidents involving petroleum and non-petroleum oils separately from its responses to hazardous substance incidents. Throughout the Emergency Response Program, the term "hazardous substance" includes pollutants and contaminants.

In addition to the hazardous substances identified under the Superfund law, the Title III amendments to Superfund, also known as the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), identifies several hundred hazardous substances known for their extremely toxic properties. EPA designated them as "extremely hazardous substances" to help focus initial chemical emergency response planning efforts.

The annotated websites on this page are resources we have identified that provide information specific to thousands of chemicals. They are arranged below by Information Organized by Chemical, Chemical Databases, and Chemical Information.